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什麽是“古典”吉他?



古典音樂或演奏究竟是什麽?有人繼續說這個是古典的,一個不是古典的。那麽,我怎樣才能定義什麽是古典或不古典?我喜歡拔毛,並一直這樣做。

我的一個朋友告訴我,大部分時間,為了演奏古典的弦4,5,6,我應該使用我的拇指和弦1,2,3,我應該分別使用戒指,中指和食指。

這是對的嗎?

轉載註明原文: 什麽是“古典”吉他?

一共有 6 個回答:

你的朋友極大地簡化了事情。

古典吉他與鋼弦聲學

首先,現代古典吉他是一種用尼龍弦串起來的木吉他(過去,它們是用動物腸線制成的琴弦串起來的)。它與現代的“平頂”原聲吉他不同,平頂部用鋼絲繩串起來,鋼絲繩的張力遠高於尼龍繩。出於這個原因,吉他的內部支撐也有很大不同,並且它們的音色也很不同。

在古典風格與指尖彈吉他

“古典”風格和指彈吉他演奏均涉及用手指而不是摳撥弦。然而,隨著時間的推移,古典風格已經開發出廣泛接受的正統技術。這包括使用右手的拇指和前三個手指,但不使用小拇指。所有四個手指都可以用來摘取任何字符串。

相比之下,手指彈奏是民間音樂傳統的結果,並且普遍接受的“規則”較少。有一些手指類型的子類型,比如特拉維斯的挑選,其中拇指彈奏低音音符,手指彈奏旋律弦,但即使在那裏,也沒有就使用多少手指達成共識。例如,我使用前三個手指,而Doc Watson只使用他的食指。現代指尖人將盡其所能從樂器中提取聲音,包括敲擊指板,敲擊琴弦或機身以獲得敲擊聲音等。

一般而言,您可以在任何一種樂器上演奏任一種風格。例如,切特阿特金斯玩指彈,但經常使用古典吉他。一些經典技術在鋼弦樂器上不適用,反之亦然,但大多數情況下,您可以在任何一種樂器上使用任一種風格。

古典音樂

I don't think this is what you're really asking about, but here's a brief definition: 古典音樂 is music from or based on the European art music tradition. This stretches back many centuries, to Gregorian chants and before, and has evolved through many different significant "periods" (such as the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, etc.) to the present day.

古典音樂 is not to be confused with the Classical Period of music history. The Classical Period refers to the style best exemplified by Haydn, Mozart, and early Beethoven, and comprises at most about a fifty-year period of music history. It is just one of many periods in 古典音樂.

古典音樂 is distinct from, say, Jazz or Blues in that, for the most part, it lacks much, if any, African influence on its sound. This has changed somewhat in the last century or so, but such exceptions represent a small portion of the overall classical tradition.

嚴格來說,古典時期是1750年至1830年之間。一些著名的古典作曲家是莫紮特和貝多芬。

然而古典這個詞經常被用來指不是流行音樂(搖滾/流行/爵士/雷鬼音樂等)的音樂,而是在古典(管弦樂)樂器上演奏。

參考吉他古典吉他是尼龍弦吉他。琴頸通常比扁鋼原聲吉他更平坦更寬。它通常是用指尖或“拔毛”技術來演奏,就像你描述的那樣。

您所描述的指尖技巧是一種開始的好方法,也是我向那些新玩這種風格吉他的人教授的。

正如家夥註意到的。關於“古典吉他”,有一種被廣泛接受的古典吉他演奏方法,塞戈維亞很可能是原動力。 演奏,指法,拿著吉他等技巧都非常標準化,並且希望有人想要與其他經過類似訓練的音樂家一起演奏這種風格。 即使改變指定的通道的指法可以帶來惱人的外觀...

但是,如果您只想在古典吉他上彈指頭,就可以隨心所欲地做任何事情。任何數量的爵士手指玩家都使用古典樂器;喬通行證一。

通常有三件事將古典吉他與其他風格的吉他,樂器,演奏風格和音樂區分開來。

The instrument: Classical guitarists always play on a particular type of guitar, with nylon strings, a hollow body, a rosette around the sound hole, and other distinctive features.

The playing style: classical guitarists have a very particular playing technique. This involves using a guitar support (such as a foot stool), plucking the strings with the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers, keeping the thumb on the back of the guitar neck at all times, and more. The example technique you gave is sometimes used by classical guitarists, but not always.

The music: Classical guitarists play a specific genre of music called "classical music." Music from this genre is always written in sheet music notation, and is performed exactly the way it is written. However, classical music can incorporate many styles, such as Jazz, Impressionism, Romanticism, etc.

Source: Classical Guitar 101 - What is Classical Guitar?

正如你可以從諸如這個維基百科之類的文章中看到的那樣,有各種各樣的音樂類型可以全部被歸入“古典”

有各種風格的采摘和彈撥,但是特定的作品可以被歸類為“古典”,而沒有任何采摘。

而傳統的p,i,m技術只是眾多技術中的一種。 (P拇指,我的食指,M中指,一個無名指 - 總是關心我,因為這個小手指沒有一個普通的字母:-)

所以 - 大致正確,是的,但只是作為更廣泛技術範圍的一個子集。維基百科的文章其實很不錯。

你可以用純粹的經濟來看待這個問題,而不是以音樂的風格。

有三種音樂,分為經濟線:民間音樂,古典音樂(或傳統音樂)和商業音樂。

Folk music is music written and played by people who have no expectation of earning any money from it. It is performed informally.

Classical music (a better term is traditional music) relies on patronage; the composers write the music because they are paid by wealthy sponsors, people or institutions who want the music. Individual musicians who play classical music can get paid, but the key to classical music productions is that they are not designed to earn any money--in fact they lose money, and the difference is made up by wealthy patrons.

Commercial music is a phenomenon of the 20th century, and is now in decline. Commercial music is whenever anybody writes, records, and performs music with the expectation of selling it and earning a profit from it, within a music industry that seeks to earn a profit overall even if individual commercial music projects may not earn money.

如果你想想你聽過或演奏過的任何音樂,並考慮它的第一次寫作時間和原因,你會發現大多數情況都很容易成為這三類音樂中的一種。它還解釋了“古典”音樂與其他類型的音樂不同,不管文化標簽如何。